The river valleys of the Middle Atlantic region during the Woodland period up to European contact were occupied by three major cultural traditions, identified by clusters of ceramic motifs and designs. These cultural traditions inferred from ceramic styles described social interactions more than populations with unique language, social organization, cosmology, and adaptation. This distinction is significant in the Mid-Atlantic region as not all cultural traditions survived to the historic period. The Shenks Ferry cultural tradition is known only through a limited set of archaeological sites and their relation to other groups in the area is unclear. The Shenks Ferry occupied the greater Susquehanna Valley of central Pennsylvania from 1000 to 1500 CE. The Shenks Ferry disappear from the archaeological record at the time Iroquois-speaking Susquehannocks immigrated to the area and Europeans were engaging in Native fur trade. At the 2008 AAPA meetings, I co-presented the initial results of analysis of human remains from the Shenks Ferry Quaker Hills Quarry (ca 1000-1500 CE) excavated in 2007 by the Pennsylvania Bureau of Historic Preservation. We are working on aDNA analysis to determine population affinity.
Hoover KC and Giordano C. In press. The bioarchaeology of a late prehistoric Mid-Atlantic agricultural village: the Terminal Funk Phase of the Shenks Ferry site, Quaker Hills Quarry. Journal of Mid-Atlantic Archaeology
Hoover, KC. 2007. Odontometric fluctuating asymmetry at the Mohr Site. Journal of Mid-Atlantic Archaeology 23:123-133, Not peer-reviewed